Project 365 – Linux #1

I’ve decided that I want to do an experiment, famous last words I know, but I’ve been wanting to do this for awhile.  If you know me, then you know I change my desktop operating system a lot, I’m just not satisfied with one thing in any of the distros, either windows or Linux, so I’ve given myself a good talking to, and decided on this project.

I’m going to use Fedora Linux on my home laptop, and linux on my home servers exclusively for 1 year starting from today which is the 16th September 2014.

Fedora 20 is already installed so I’m going to document it’s use over the year.  It’s a way of forcing myself to use Fedora, without rebooting back into windows to do a task that i can’t do under linux, due to lack of knowledge or due to the fact i just don’t want to learn it and I can do it quicker in windows.   This project might cause a few problems, as I’m not the only one who uses my laptop, my son does, and as my daughter gets older, she’ll want to as well, so they are going to have to learn a non MS based system.   All the future blog posts will document how I get on.   As I’m a photographer, it’ll be interesting to see how I cope with using Gimp and Darktable, and how kdenlive cuts it as a video editor.

As for servers, they are pretty much working as they should, I use Ubuntu as a webserver, then for all my virtual machines, I’m using Centos7 and KVM, nothing to change here.

One of the good things about this is that I can involve you, the reader, in this project as well.  If you want me to try something, or find a program that you want to see a linux alternate version, or you want to see a video on how to use it, then just leave a comment on the post.  Or drop me an email at fedora365 [@ ]

If you’re a IRC user then you can join me in #fedora365 on the network.

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Fedora UK Podcast

After last weeks shenanigans, it was decided that we should do the podcast every two weeks giving us time to get news etc, so if you was expecting one last night and it didn’t happen, then I certainly apologise.

SE01EP02 will be next Thursday the 18th Sept, I’ll create a google+ hangout event for it nearer the time.

If you want to see what’s it all about then you can see our first, blundering attempt :) here.

Here is the video if you can’t see it.

If you want to contact any of the hosts of the show, then you can at

Please subscribe to my channel, that way you’ll know when we release a new show, and if you wanted to like the video, it shows us we’re moving in the right direction.

See you next week.


We now have a channel on IRC #fedora-uk-podcast on the network.

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Fedora 20 + Steam

I have a nvidia nvs3100M graphics card in my laptop which I have working fine. I thought I’d try and install steam to see what’s available for the linux platform. As I have the RPMFusion system setup on my machine, it’s a simple case of using yum to install it.

yum -y install steam

I hit a snag


After doing a bit of research, it’s seems that another RPM needed installing, so I installed it.

yum install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.i686

Restarted steam after it was installed, and no error…..result.

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Fedora Project Wiki Page

If you didn’t know I’m a Fedora Fan, if you’ve been reading my posts and you haven’t realised this then WTF? ;) What you might not know is that a lot of the Fedora Users/Ambassadors have their own individual user pages on a wiki. As an example, here’s mine.

It’s a nice way of telling the world a little bit about you and what you do in the Fedora world.

Have you created yours yet? Feel free to take a look at the source for my page and take any thing you need. One of the other things I like is Badges, I’m still looking into ways to get more. If you feel the need to show the world your badges, then you can either take my box code and have them show up on the right or you can add this to your wiki page

 {{ #fedorabadges: paulmellors }} 

Obviously you’d need to replace my name with your own.

Please leave comments with your user name so I can check yours out, it’s always fine to meet new people.

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Fedora UK Podcast

A few of the Fedora UK community got together with our good friend Mark Terranova and had a little chin wag, well I say little, it was about an hour long. Come listen to us Brits ramble on. We’re not a professional team, but we can only get better and it was fun to do.

If you want to see more, please subscribe to my channel, if you liked the video please give it a like and if you hated it, let us know why so we can improve. Better start thinking about the next one now.

If you can’t see the video, it’s here

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Ubuntu/Centos7 KVM Passwords

When I installed Centos7, then at a later date Ubuntu LTS, I wanted to play about with KVM, it’s pretty easy to install, there are many tutorials on that about, so I won’t get into it here. I like to use virt-manager to control machines, but I’ve noticed on the latest centos and Ubuntu server, when you’re trying to connect to the console, it’s constantly asking you for the password, there isn’t a way around this by default. I’ve lost my temper a few times which is why I’ve reinstalled my server os. What I should have done is sat down and had a little think/reseach and that’s what I did. And to cut a long story short, it’s bloody easy when you know how. It might not work for you, but for me, it’s great.

On the machine virt-manager is used, you need to generate an SSH Keypair

ssh-keygen -t rsa

Once you’ve done that you need to use ssh-copy-id to move the key to the root user [of if you're using ubuntu, the user] of the KVM Host

ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/

You should now be able to ssh to the kvm host from your desktop without it asking you for a password, try it.

ssh -l root

If you need to add the key to the SSH agent, then you can use this command

ssh-add ~/.ssh/

Once all this is done, you should be able to connect to the console of the VM using virt-manager and it shouldn’t ask you for a password and just take you straight to the console. Result.

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KVM To VMware – Part 1

I have a kvm host that I’m wanting to play about with, in this case it’s move all the virtual machines over to a vmware platform.  But rather than create the new host and re-install each individual machine, I want to be able to take them with me.  Part one is what I’ve done to convert the vm’s to vmware compatible vms, part 2 will be me installing them onto a vmware esxi server to see if they actually work.

Ok here goes, this is what I’ve done so far

  • Check that the virtual machine is off [ You can't do this if it's active]

[root@rmcvirt01 ~]# virsh list

Id Name State
6 rmcjmc01 running
7 rmcirc01 running

If it’s running then virsh destroy <server> or ssh into it and shut it down.

  • Convert the img file to a vmdk
user@computer:$ qemu-img convert rmcirc01.img -O vmdk rmcirc01.vmdk

This should create your vmdk file that you can import onto the vmware server. I’ll be trying this in part 2, I’ll let you know what happens.

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Making Fedora work better [For me]

I’ve been talking to my fellow Fedora user, James [who happens to be my boss] and he’s told me a few extensions that are available for gnome 3 that make things a little better, and to be honest I like them lots.

First of all you need to go here – [use firefox]

The first couple I have install is

Applications Menu
No Topleft Hot Corner

As you can see from the screen shot below, what these two extensions do is give you the applications menu and disable the corner hot spot, something that does tend to drive me nuts.


The next one which is turning out to be a godsend, is Drop Down Terminal, this provides a keyclick to open a terminal, it’s the key above the tab key, press this and a terminal drops down, awesome :D

Screenshot from 2014-08-30 12:43:06

I have a couple more that provide a bottom task bar but all in all, they are all providing extra functionality that make using Fedora a lot more enjoyable to use.

One thing you might also want to install is the gnome-tweak-tool, this provides a gui to control a lot of these extensions

Screenshot from 2014-08-30 12:45:46

As per the Cowsay “Fedora Rocks”

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Windows 7 Professional using a Home Premium DVD

For reasons known only to me and the darkest sickest recesses of my mind, I need to install Windows 7 Professional onto my laptop. The issue is, I only have the Home Premium Media, which is already installed on my wifes laptop. I have a key, I just need the media. Now I know I could just download it from the internet, which apart from taking it’s time, isn’t fun at all. I wondered if it was possible to use the Home Premium disk as I heard that it could install any version of Windows.

Well I was right and this is how I’ve created a “Install Most Versions Boot USB”.

  • Create an iso image from the DVD you have by what ever means you have to create an iso image. I have a linux machine so I just used dd – dd if=/dev/cdrom of=windows.iso
  • Download Rufus so you can create the bootable USB using the ISO –
  • Once USB is completed, open it up and look in the sources folder for a file called ei.cfg, it’s this which determines what version of windows is to be installed.
  • Boot your PC/Laptop from the USB and as part of the installation it should ask you which version you want to install, well it did for me.

Rufus in action.


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Super Spy Club

My 5 year old has taken the Fedora Logo and is using it as his spy club logo


If you want to join this spy club, then you’ll need to show me something with the spy club logo on it, it could be your laptop, your t-shirt, anything, show me then you’re in.

Ps it would probably make my sons day :D

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